Home » Procedures » Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
ACL reconstruction is a procedure where the torn ligament (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) is replaced by a tissue graft which may be harvested from the patient or taken from a donor.
ACL stands for anterior cruciate ligament. It is one of the four main ligaments of the knee joint that connects thigh bone (femur) to shin bone (tibia). This ligament prevents tibia from sliding over the femur and ensures rotational stability of the knee. This is the most commonly injured ligament in sports persons.
In ACL reconstruction, the torn ligament is removed and is replaced by a tissue graft which may be harvested from the patient (autograft) or taken from a donor (allograft). The autografts commonly used are patellar tendon, hamstring tendon and quadriceps tendon. Those commonly taken from donor are patellar tendon, Achilles tendon and posterior tibialis tendon.
ACL reconstruction is indicated in those who play high demand sports or those who are in such jobs that require knee strength. These people should be prepared to follow a long physical therapy schedule post surgery.
It is required when knee stability and normal knee function is affected after an injury.
X RAY, CT scan or MRI may be done to evaluate the injured anterior cruciate ligament and the surrounding structures.
Bracing of the knee and some physical therapy may be required before the surgery for patients with stiff knees lacking full range of motion so as to allow some healing to occur and to improve surgery outcomes.
Blood thinning and immune system suppressing medications if being taken must be stopped and smoking should be also be stopped at least 2 weeks prior to the surgery.
The surgery is performed by an orthopedic surgeon under general/regional anesthesia.
In young children and adolescents, ACL reconstruction should be postponed till skeletal maturity is achieved.
Those who do not have a job that requires very stable knee, those with minor tear, those who are willing to stop activities that require knee strength may not opt for ACL reconstruction.
India Health Help is a holistic medical tourism platform that offers to patients from around the world a chance to access some of best medical services in India. With access to the best hospitals, diagnostic centres, multi-speciality facilities and super-specialist medical expertise, we channel the right patient to the right medical solution for quick, effective and affordable recovery.