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Cardiac Catheterization is a medical procedure used to diagnose and treat the conditions of heart.
It is a medical procedure used to diagnose and treat the conditions of heart. For cardiac catheterization, a thin long flexible tube called catheter is inserted from the arm or groin (upper thigh) into the left or right side of the heart. It is through the catheter that the doctor takes diagnostic tests of your heart.
The doctor may perform cardiac catheterization to assess the following conditions of your heart:
Cardiac catheterization is also done as a part of other major procedures like Angioplasty, Heart Valve Repair or Replacement, Balloon Valvuloplasty and Cardiac Ablation.
The doctor performs the test in a special operating room equipped with imaging machines and special X-ray. The intravenous (IV) line is inserted into the vein through the passage of neck, arm or groin. Following that, a sheath (thin plastic tube) is inserted in your leg to access artery or vein. Then, longer tubes of plastic called catheters are moved up into the heart with the help of live X-rays so the doctor can:
Cardiac catheterization is entirely a safe procedure when performed by a team of expert doctors. Although rare, there are certain risk involved.
Following are the risks involved with cardiac catheterization:
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