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Heart Transplant surgery is done to replace a damaged heart with a healthy, working heart – taken from an organ donor.
Heart Transplant surgery is done to replace a damaged heart with a healthy, working heart that is taken from an ‘organ donor’ who has recently died. However, in very rare cases, the diseased heart is kept in its place to support the donated heart, instead of being removed.
Heart transplant is used as a last resort when all the other cardiac treatments fail to improve the health of the patient.
The transplant team checks whether the patient is a suitable candidate for transplant. Most importantly, a suitable donor heart is searched for, and the donor’s heart is tested to check how suitable its condition is.
While the patient is waiting for a donor heart, if the medical treatment is not able to stabilize the vital organs of the patient then Ventricular Assist Device will be implanted
Within 4 to 5 hours of organ removal from the donor's body the heart has to be transplanted in the patient.
Following tests are conducted prior the surgery
Though the procedures vary depending upon the patient’s condition and the doctor’s practice, the following is the general overview:
Heart transplant is a major surgery and has considerable risks and complications.
The foremost risk is, the patient body rejects donor heart. Immunosuppresants will work to ensure that the patient's immune system does not attack the heart.
Other risks associated with heart transplant are
On an average, heart transplant costs between 13 to 18 lakhs INR.
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