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Knee Arthroplasty is the process of replacing the damaged kneecap, thighbone and shinbone with artificial plastic material and metal alloys. It is commonly called Knee Replacement.
Knee Arthroplasty is the process of replacing the damaged kneecap, thighbone and shinbone with artificial plastic material and metal alloys.
The surgery is conducted by an experienced orthopedic surgeon and involves intricate bone recreation processes. The captella or kneecap is mainly restructured in the surgery using a knee prosthesis which is made up of a combination of metal and plastics. In most cases, artificial knee joint is able to replicate the abilities of natural knee joint.
Knee Arthroplasty is also called Knee Replacement or TKR.
There are two main physical reasons that lead to a knee arthroplasty.
The following tests are most important before a knee arthroplasty surgery is scheduled.
You should report any condition of hyper allergy or uncontrollable blood loss to the doctor before surgery.
Knee Arthroplasty surgery lasts about 2 to 3 hours. Following are the steps of the procedure:
You will be required to stay in the hospital for 2 to 3 days, after the procedure. During your stay you will be made to do certain leg exercises that will help improve flow of blood in the leg.
Once you are back to your home, the following care is highly important:
You will be able to resume your normal routine 4 to 6 weeks and experience better mobility after the knee arthroplasty surgery. However, activities like jogging, jumping, skipping or sports activities should be minimized.
Although knee replacement surgery is carried out in highly sterile and monitored conditions by experienced orthopedic surgeons, there are chances of complications that may arise during or after the procedure. These include:
In addition to these serious problems, the replacement knee joint might get dislodged or loosened after few days.
In cases of faulty placements, the knee joint may fail to function in the way it is expected to and may need to go through another surgery.
During the operation, nerves and blood vessels around the area might be damaged and this could lead to numbness and weakness at the knee area. Knee pain and weakness in the operated area, that cannot be corrected through surgery, may require long term medication and physiotherapy.
How to prevent the replaced knee joint from getting damaged?
To avoid any further damage to the knee area the patient must walk very carefully after the operation. Remember, the new knee joint may get disturbed if there is a fall or odd movement and may require a second surgery to put back in place. Other tools that are recommended include:
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