Home » Procedures » Ligament & Tendon Repair
Tendons and ligaments are prone to injury if overstretched. The joints of the knees, elbows, ankles and shoulders are most commonly affected. It is common for these injuries to occur while playing sports and is thus commonly seen in players and athletes. Ligament & Tendon repair is a medical procedure to correct such injuries.
Tendons and ligaments are dense fibrous connective tissue structures composed of collagen fibres. Tendons connect skeletal muscles to bones and enable movement whereas ligaments connect bone to bone and help to stabilize the joints.
Collagen fibres in a tendon are parallel to allow elasticity while collagen fibres in a ligament are in a crossed pattern to allow stability and support.
Tendons and ligaments are prone to injury if overstretched. The joints of the knees, elbows, ankles and shoulders are most commonly affected. It is common for these injuries to occur while playing sports and is thus commonly seen in players and athletes.
In case of a minor injury, it may take a few days to a few weeks for complete recovery. However if injury is severe and surgery is required, it may take a few months to regain mobility and functionality.
The affected area may be supported by splint or cast till complete healing takes place. When doctor’s advice on medications and precautions are followed and physical therapy is done as prescribed, the patient will be able to use the affected joint after the healing is complete.
Mild injuries can be treated by:
Adequate rest: not lifting heavy objects from or putting weight on injured area.
Ice therapy: putting ice bag on the injured area to ease pain and swelling.
Compression therapy: wrapping the injured area in an elastic bandage.
Elevation: placing a pillow below the injured area to prevent fluid collection.
The above therapy is very helpful in the first one to three days of the injury.
Medications are given to relieve pain and certain exercises are prescribed by physiotherapists to help the patients to get back to normal activities at a safe pace.
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